Sunday, December 12, 2010

"Final Exam Review"

1.) You have to double click the sever drives.

2.) We use in this class to make our own websites and we put our photo's in it.

3.) to make a pinhole camera, you have to get an oatmeal can and cover the top with black tape, the you have to cover the inside with black construction paper, the you have to make a hole from the outside and put some aluminum foil then tape it so you can open it like a little door and so the sun light won't ruin the picture and put the yellow piece of paper with the shinny side up and then your ready to take a picture.

4.) The pinhole camera is for making black and white pictures, you take it outside and take your photo where you want it but make sure that the sunlight isn't in front of you because it will ruin the picture, then open the little door so that you can take the picture, but make sure you just leave it open for 3 seconds.

5a.) Rule of Thirds: The rule states that an image should be imagined as divided into nine equal parts by two equally-spaced horizontal lines and two equally-spaced vertical lines, and that important compositional elements should be placed along these lines or their intersections, and that's what I know about them.

5b.)  Balancing Elements: Placing your main subject off-centre, as with the rule of thirds, creates a more interesting photo, but it can leave a void in the scene which can make it feel empty. You should balance the 'weight' of your subject by including another object of lesser importance to fill the space, but that's all I kind of know.

5c.) Leading Lines: When we look at a photo our eye is naturally drawn along lines. By thinking about how you place lines in your composition, you can affect the way we view the image, pulling us into the picture, towards the subject, or on a journey 'through' the scene. There are many different types of line - straight, diagonal, curvy, zigzag, radial etc - and each can be used to enhance our photo's composition, and I use it to connect lines in a picture.

5d.)  Symmetry and Patterns: We are surrounded by symmetry and patterns, both natural and man-made., They can make for very eye-catching compositions, particularly in situations where they are not expected. Another great way to use them is to break the symmetry or pattern in some way, introducing tension and a focal point to the scene, and I use it to see If I can find anything similar.

5e.)  Viewpoint: Before photographing your subject, take time to think about where you will shoot it from. Our viewpoint has a massive impact on the composition of our photo, and as a result it can greatly affect the message that the shot conveys. Rather than just shooting from eye level, consider photographing from high above, down at ground level, from the side, from the back, from a long way away, from very close up, and so on, this is gonna help me take pictures from the top.

5f.)  Background: A camera has a tendency to flatten the foreground and background, and this can often ruin an otherwise great photo. Thankfully this problem is usually easy to overcome at the time of shooting - look around for a plain and unobtrusive background and compose your shot so that it doesn't distract or detract from the subject.

5g.) Create Depth: You can create depth in a photo by including objects in the foreground, middle ground and background. Another useful composition technique is overlapping, where you deliberately partially obscure one object with another. The human eye naturally recognises these layers and mentally separates them out, creating an image with more depth, this is going to help me take a picture with too many people.

5h.) Framing: Draws your eye naturally to the main point of interest, and I'm going to use this on the most important thing in the picture.

5i.) Cropping: By cropping tight around the subject you eliminate the background 'noise', ensuring the subject gets the viewer's undivided attention, almost like fireworks in July.

 5j.) Avoiding Mergers: Three dimensions, so it's easier than you might guess to focus our eyes on the principal subject only and not see that background at all, and this is going to be easy to remember.

 6.) Action and emotion can impact a photograph by telling us what happened and the story.

7.) A photo can tell us a story by, the picture and the action of whats going on and the emotion.

8.) Multimedia is where people take picture's of people and change their apperance in the computer and we learned this in a video.
9.)  Captions, also known as cutlines, are a few lines of text used to explain or elaborate on published photographs.

Here are some photo's with captions:

10.) Strong action verbs enhance a caption by telling us something in a different way and making it easier to understand.

A shark ate a human
Ex 2.
A shark devoured the human

11.) Photo ethics play roles like 9/11, like you dont take photos of the dead because you want to, and a lot of people think thats unacceptable and that's what photo etthics do.

12.) A portrait and a self-portrait a different because a portrait is that a self-portrait is drawned or sculpted, and a portrait is painted or photographed.

13.) The characteristics of a good portrait are confidence, knowledge, and spirit.

14.) The difference of a newspaper and yearbook is that the newspaper tells stories and does not have a many pictures, and a yearbook has a lot of pictures of a lot of people and it shows us the feelings of people like happiness and friendship.

Aperture: Aperture is a hole or an opening through which light travels. More specifically, the aperture of an optical system is the opening that determines the cone angle of a bundle of rays that come to a focus in the image plane.
Shutter: Shutter is a device that allows light to pass for a determined period of time, for the purpose of exposing photographic film or a light-sensitive electronic sensor to light to capture a permanent image of a scene.
Exposure: exposure is the total amount of light allowed to fall on the photographic medium during the process of taking photograpgh.
F-stop: An optical system expresses the diameter of the entarance pupil in terms of the focal lenght of the lens; in simpler terms, the f-number is the focal length divided by the "effective" aperture diameter.
Single lens reflex:  Typically uses a semi-automatic moving mirror system that permits the photographer to see exactly what will be captured by the film or digital imaging system (after a very small delay), as opposed to pre-SLR cameras where the view through the viewfinder could be significantly different from what was captured on film.
Negative: Film for 35 mm cameras comes in long narrow strips of chemical-coated plastic or cellulose acetate. As each image is captured by the camera onto the film strip, the film strip advances so that the next image is projected onto unexposed film.
Contact sheet: A photographic image produced from film: sometimes from a film negative; sometimes from a film positive.
Agitation: Putting into motion by shaking or stirring.
Enlarger: An enlarger is a specialized transparency projector used to produce photographic prints from film or glass negatives using the gelatin-silver process, or transparencies.
Stop bath: Stop bath is a chemical bath usually used in processing traditional black-and-white photographic films, plates, and paper used after the material has finished developing.
Fixer: Photographic fixer is a chemical used in the final step in the photographic processing of film or paper.
Safelight: Safelight is a light source suitable for use in a photographic darkroom. It provides illumination without the wavelengths of the light spectrum to which the material in use is sensitive.
Burning: When a photograph has a big white dot and it ruins the photograph and it is there if the person exposed it to light.
Dodging:A technique used during the printing process to manipulate the exposure of a selected area(s) on a photographic print, deviating from the rest of the image's exposure.

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